NYTimes wrote:A handful of Republican governors say they may reject portions of the federal stimulus money, raising objections from lawmakers, mayors and other critics that they are placing political ideology before the interest of constituents who need help and budgets with huge deficits.
Gov. Bobby Jindal of Louisiana announced Friday that he would reject a portion of expanded unemployment benefits that would eventually require the state to raise taxes on businesses.
And the governors of Alaska, Idaho, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas have said their states may not want to meet the conditions that accompany the money or expand programs that will have to be paid for by the state once the stimulus money runs out.
“You may get yourself out of a temporary budget hole, but create another budget hole in the next 24 months,” said Gov. Mark Sanford of South Carolina, who like Mr. Jindal and Gov. Rick Perry of Texas is considered a potential candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012.
Although Mr. Sanford has said he will not stand in the way of his state’s accepting the $463 million in transportation money in the bill, his public opposition to the stimulus measure angered Representative James E. Clyburn, a powerful South Carolina Democrat who helped write it. Mr. Clyburn included a provision saying that if a governor did not agree in 45 days to accept the state’s allocation in the bill, a legislature could request the money.
Mr. Jindal said he would reject $98.4 million in federal incentives to expand unemployment coverage, or 2.5 percent of the $3.8 billion that Louisiana stands to receive in all, on the grounds that it would force a change to state law to cover more unemployed people. Such a change would result in increased taxes when the federal money runs out, he said.
“I strongly suggest that other states also look closely at this provision in the bill so they can also avoid ultimately passing on a significant tax to businesses,” he said in a statement.
Gov. Haley Barbour of Mississippi has also focused on the unemployment provisions, saying that of $54 million offered to his state under the bill, only $4 million would be available unless Mississippi changed its law to expand eligibility to part-time workers. But Mr. Barbour has not yet formally rejected the money.
Maurice Emsellem, policy co-director at the National Employment Law Project in Washington, a group that advocates for low-wage workers, differed with Mr. Barbour’s interpretation. Mr. Emsellem said Mississippi, where average unemployment benefits are the lowest in the nation and only 25 percent of unemployed workers qualify for help, would receive $42 million for increased payments to recipients and $4 million for administrative costs without changing its policy.
Under the incentive program that Mr. Jindal turned down for Louisiana, Mississippi would get up to $56 million more for expanding coverage by selecting from a menu of options that includes giving benefits to some part-time workers. The $56 million would pay for the expanded benefits for five years, Mr. Emsellem said.
Some governors objected even to the no-strings-attached $25 a week increase in unemployment benefits, saying it would raise expectations that would be difficult to manage when the federal dollars dry up.
In Idaho, Gov. C. L. Otter has appointed an executive panel of five former state budget officers and three former governors to review requests for stimulus money from state agencies and the private sector. David Hensley, a lawyer for Mr. Otter, complained that the law required the state to spend 3 percent of the transportation money on “transportation enhancement.”
“I never imagined that Congress would tell the state of Idaho that they have to spend $5.5 million on bike paths or pedestrian lanes,” Mr. Hensley said.
a particle is a thing in itself. a wave is a disturbance in something else. waves themselves are probably not disturbed.